Wednesday, October 24, 2012

History of The Interior Design

Interior design describes a group of various yet related projects that involve transform interior spaces into "effective arrangements for a variety of human activities" that take place there. An interior designer is someone who is doing the project. The interior design is a multifaceted profession that includes conceptual development, liaising with the stakeholders of a project and the management and implementation of the design.
The interior design as practiced in the United States is almost entirely different practice to that carried out in the UK. What follows relates mainly to the United States.

History of interior design profession in the United States

In the past, Interiors together instinctively as part of the building.The interior design profession has been a consequence of the development of society and the complex architecture that has resulted from the development of industrial processes. The pursuit of effective use of space, user well-being and functional design has contributed to the development of contemporary interior design profession.

In ancient India, the architect used to work as an interior designer. It can be seen from the references of the architect Vishwakarma - one god in Indian mythology. In addition, statues depecting ancient texts, the events seen in the palace built in the 17th century India.

Throughout the 18th century and the early 19th century, interior decoration was attentive mother or, in a wealthy family upholsterer or craftsman may influence the style of the interior space. Architects will also employ craftsmen or artisans to complete interior design for their buildings. Towards the end of the 19th century interior decorating emerged as a profession in the Western world. It is caused by a variety of acts, especially by women, to professionalise the homemaking. Elsie De Wolfe has been credited with the creation profession.Having successfully redesigned interior decorating his own home, De Wolfe began offering her services to others in the social circle. As people began offering interior decoration as a service the professionalization of this service gained momentum.

The movement toward professionalization reinforced by the publication of a book on the subject. Publications include the book Suggestions for House Decoration Painting, Wood and Furniture (1876) by Anges and Rhoda Garrett, Elsie De Wolfe, The House in Good Taste (1913) and articles by Candice Wheeler such as Principles of Home Decoration with Practical Examples (1903). [3] Most of the books published by women and clearly suggested the profession is in the domain of women, Eg The two-part article Interior Decoration as a Profession for Women (1895), written by Candice Wheeler.

As mentioned previously, prior to the official interior decorator evolved work is attention craftsman or Upholsterers. This means that many 'decorators' at this time is a dealer in the elements needed for interiors. It is questionable qualifications decorator and their standing as an independent advisor. This gives a negative connotation term interior decorator for some, as a painter or curtain sales person can become self-appointed decorator. Therefore, the decorators favored term Designer.Interior Interior design has now evolved past the point of decoration and terms, although overlapping, are different.

Its most prominent feature of the interior design profession was after World War II. From 1950 onwards expenditure increases. Molded interior design course, requires the publication of text books and reference sources. Historical records interior designers and firms distinct from the decorative arts specialists were made available. While organizations to regulate education, qualifications, standards and practices, etc. set up for the profession.

The interior design previously seen as playing a secondary role to architecture. It also has many connections to other design disciplines, involving the work of architects, industrial designers, engineers, builders, craftsmen, etc. For this reason governments interior design standards and qualifications are often incorporated into other professional organizations involved in the design.

Community organizations such as the Chartered Designers, established in England in 1986, and the American Designers Institute, founded in 1938, established as the organization that arranged the various fields of design. It was not until later that a special representation for the interior design profession was developed. The U.S. National Society of Interior Designers was founded in 1957, while in England Interior Decorators and Designers Association was founded in 1966. Across Europe, other organizations such as the Association of Finnish Architects Interior (1949) was established in 1994 and the International Interior Design Association was founded. [3]
Ellen Mazur Thomson, author of Origins of Graphic Design in America (1997), provides that professional status is achieved through education, self-defined standards and professional gate-keeping organization.

After achieving this, a profession of interior design are accepted.

 Interior decorators and interior designers in the U.S.

Interior design profession is not clearly defined and projects undertaken by an interior designer varies. Terms such as decorator and designer are often used interchangeably. However, there is a difference between the terms.

Interior Designer

Interior Designer implies that there is more of an emphasis on planning, functional design and effective use of space involved in this profession, as compared with the interior decoration. An interior designer can undertake projects that include arranging the basic layout of the rooms in the building as well as projects that require an understanding of technical issues such as acoustics, lighting, temperature, etc.

Although an interior designer may create the layout of the space, they can not build a room without their designs stamped for approval by an architect, which is why many interior designers also complete school to become an architect as well. An interior designer may wish to specialize in a particular type of interior design in order to develop technical knowledge specific to that area. Types of interior design include residential design, commercial design, hospitality design, health care design, universal design, exhibition design, spatial brand, etc. Interior Design profession is relatively new, constantly evolving, and often confuse the public. NCIDQ, Interior Design board for qualifications, defining the profession in the best way: The Interior Designer Professionals qualified by education, experience checks, to improve function and quality of interior spaces.

Interior design specializes in U.S.


Residential Design is the interior design of private homes. Since this type of design is very specific to the individual situation, needs and desires of the individual are paramount in this area of ​​Interior Design. The interior designers can work on the project from the initial planning stage or may work on the renovation of the existing structure.


Commercial design covers a wide range of sub specialties.
Retail: includes malls and shopping centers, department stores, specialty stores, visual merchandising and showroom.
Visual and Spatial Branding: The use of space as a medium to express the Corporate Brand
Corporate: office design for any type of business
Health: design of hospitals, assisted living facilities, medical offices, dental offices, psychiatric hospitals, laboratories, facilities specialist
Hospitality and Recreation: includes hotels, motels, resorts, cafes, bars, restaurants, health clubs and spas, etc.
Institutional: government offices, financial institutions (banks and credit unions), schools and universities, places of worship, etc.
Industrial facilities: manufacturing and training facilities as well as import and export facilities.


Other areas of specialization include museums and exhibition design, event design (including ceremonies, parties, conventions and concerts), theater and performance design, production design for film and television.


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